Protecting Transplant Organs from Ice Crystals

Protecting Transplant Organs from Ice Crystals

According to the Unified Network for Organ Sharing, someone is added to the national transplant waiting list every 10 minutes. Over 34,000 organ transplants were performed in 2017, but it’s estimated that 20 people in the US die every day waiting for a transplant. One...
Creating Embryos from Skin Cells

Creating Embryos from Skin Cells

More than 10% of American men and women struggle with some level of infertility. While in vitro fertilization (IVF) is an option, it is by no means a guaranteed method of getting a viable pregnancy. About 65% of IVF cycles fail, which is often due to poor egg quality....
Kin Recognition in Arabidopsis

Kin Recognition in Arabidopsis

Plants are smarter than most people give them credit for. Darwin hypothesized that plants had cells dedicated to controlling root growth, like a brain. Darwin’s initial thoughts were published in 1880, but it took until the 1990’s for scientists to actually make...
Creating Embryos from Skin Cells

Searching for a Vaccine for Type 1 Diabetes

A blue circle is the international symbol for diabetes Diabetes is a condition in which the pancreas becomes unable to regulate the amount of the hormone insulin in the bloodstream. Without insulin, the body is unable to control the amount of glucose in the body (i.e....
Prions and Memory in Drosophila

Prions and Memory in Drosophila

Prions are proteins that can fold in multiple, structurally distinct ways. These folds can be transferred to other prions, and this propagation results in diseases that act like bacterial infections. In addition to scrapie and CJD (a human disease that causes brain...
Using Protein Purifiers in Chromatography Refigerators

Using Protein Purifiers in Chromatography Refigerators

Since the 1960’s, High Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC) has been used to separate, identify, and quantify components in mixtures. The mixture to be analyzed is pushed through a column containing a packing material (the stationary phase, usually silica or...